Environmental assessment/environmental impact assessment
The process of evaluating the possible environmental consequences of a past, current or proposed action, development project or piece of legislation, as an aid to decision-making, that may result in the production of an environmental impact statement. It also attempts to evaluate the measures to be taken to minimize an adverse effect. Note: Environmental impact assessment is generally used to describe a formal process dealing with specific proposed actions. In some cases an environmental assessment will also include evaluation of the consequences for human health.